Viola Cordova was the first Native American woman to receive a PhD in philosophy. Even as she became an expert on canonical works of traditional Western philosophy, she devoted herself to defining a Native American philosophy. Although she passed away before she could complete her life’s work, some of her colleagues have organized her pioneering contributions into this provocative book.

In three parts, Cordova sets out a complete Native American philosophy. First she explains her own understanding of the nature of reality itself—the origins of the world, the relation of matter and spirit, the nature of time, and the roles of culture and language in understanding all of these. She then turns to our role as residents of the Earth, arguing that we become human as we deepen our relation to our people and to our places, and as we understand the responsibilities that grow from those relationships. In the final section, she calls for a new reverence in a world where there is no distinction between the sacred and the mundane.

Cordova clearly contrasts Native American beliefs with the traditions of the Enlightenment and Christianized Europeans (what she calls “Euroman” philosophy). By doing so, she leads her readers into a deeper understanding of both traditions and encourages us to question any view that claims a singular truth. From these essays—which are lucid, insightful, frequently funny, and occasionally angry—we receive a powerful new vision of how we can live with respect, reciprocity, and joy.



The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy
The Foundation for Intercultural Philosophy and Art
Society for Intercultural Philosophy
Dutch-Flemish Association for Intercultural Philosophy NVVIF
World Hongming Association - intercultural thought. Includes:

World Hongming Philosophy Congress
World Hongming Philosophical Quarterly
International Association of Philosophers
International Association of Religious Studies

Documents: Intercultural, Comparative, Philosophy of Culture

International Pluralism Colloquium.
Bilimoria, Purushottama. Towards a Creative Hermeneutic of Suspicion: Recovering Ricoeur's Intervention in the Gadamer-Habermas Debate.
Binsbergen, Wim van. Cultures Do Not Exist.
Binsbergen, Wim van. Derrida on Religion: Glimpses of Interculturality.
Binsbergen, Wim van. ICT and Intercultural Philosophy -- An African Exploration -- also in Dutch
Binsbergen, Wim van. Sangoma in the Netherlands: On Integrity in Intercultural Mediation -- also in Dutch
Binsbergen, Wim van. Some aspects of cultural globalisation -- with special attention to Mall's intercultural hermeneutics -- also in Dutch.
Comte, Auguste. On the History and Culture of Science (1824).
Derrida, Jacques. Of the Humanities and the Philosophical Discipline: The Right to Philosophy from the Cosmopolitical Point of View (the Example of an International Institution). In Surfaces IV(1994). With a roundtable discussion in Surfaces VI(1996)
Gevorkian, Hamlet A. The Concept of Encounter of Cultures in the Philosophy of History: Problems and Solutions
Glynn, Simon. Identity, Intersubjectivity and Communicative Action.
Goubman, Boris. Postmodernity as the Climax of Modernity: Horizons of the Cultural Future.
Holenstein, Elmar. Philosophie-Atlas: Orte und Wege des Denkens.
Hroch, Jaroslav, David Hollan, and George F. McLean, eds. National, Cultural and Ethnic Identities: Harmony Beyond Conflict. On-line papers included.
Kant, Immanuel. Über Pädagogik (1803).
Kim, Chin-Tai. The Nature and Possibility of Philosophical Anthropology.
Kimmerle, Heinz & Henk Oosterling (eds). Sensus communis in multi- and intercultural perspective: On the possibility of common judgments in arts and politics.
Kimmerle, Heinz. The Principles of Dialogue.
Kimmerle, Heinz. Das Denken der Differenz als Erschließung eines neuen Gebiets der Philosophie.
Li Ya-ning. Two Traditions of Western and Chinese Cultures.
Redding, Paul. Truthing Troubles: Idealism, Hermeneutics and the Aboriginal Art of the Western Desert
Ross, Kelly L. The Origins of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/Mythopoeic Thought.
Marchiano, Grazia. What to Learn from Eastern Aesthetics.
McLean, George. Research on Culture and Values: Intersection of Universities, Churches, and Nations.
Rico Bovio, Arturo. La nueva paideia del cuerpo.
Sampaio, Rui. The Hermeneutic Conception of Culture.
Scharfstein, Ben-Ami. The Western Blindness to Non-Western Philosophies.
Shen, Vincent. A Perspective on Intercultural Philosophy from Chinese Philosophy (Confucionism and Taoism)
Swazo, Norman. Philosophical Pluralism in the Service of Humane Governance.
Wautischer, Helmut. The Path to Knowledge.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Die Idee der Menschenrechte in interkultureller Sicht. In: H. Kimmerle und R. Mall (Hg.) Philosophische Grundlagen der Interkulturalität (=Studien zur interkulturellen Philosophie Bd.1, Amsterdam, Rodopi 1993, S. 245-264. Abstract, with RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Ansätze einer interkulturellen Philosophie. In: H. Kimmerle und R. Mall (Hg.) Philosophische Grundlagen der Interkulturalität (=Studien zur interkulturellen Philosophie Bd.1, Amsterdam, Rodopi 1993, S. 29-40. Abstract, with full RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Interculturelles Lernen. In: J. Hasse (Hg.) Geographieunterricht in den 90er Jahren, Westermann (= Praxis Geographie), Nr. 3, 1994, S. 24-27. Abstract, with full RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Plädoyer für den Polylog. in: IMPULS. Das grüne Monatsmagazin, 6. Jg., Oktober 1994, S. 18-19. Abstract, with full RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Polylog der Traditionen im philosophischen Denken. Universalismus versus Ethnophilosophie? In: H.J. Sandkühler (Hg.) DIALEKTIK (Hamburg), 1996, H. 1, S. 81-98. Abstract, with full RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin.Is Intercultural Philosophy a New Branch or a New Orientation in Philosophy? In: D'Souza, Gregory (ed.): Interculturality of Philosophy and Religion. Bangalore: National Biblical Catechetical and Liturgical Centre 1996, pp. 45-57. And in: Raúl Fornet-Betancourt (ed.): Kulturen der Philosophie. Aachen: Augustinus 1996, pp. 101-118, as well as in: Commission nationale de la Bulgarie pour l'UNESCO (ed.): Philosophie et Democratie en Europe. Sofia 1998, pp. 165-182. Abstract, with full RTF download. Also in Spanish and German.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Sind religiöse Dialoge mögliche Polyloge? in: Notker Schneider et al. (Hg.): Philosophie aus interkultureller Sicht. Philosophy from an Intercultural Perspective. Amsterdam: Rodopi 1997. S. 317-325. Abstract, with full RTF download.
Wimmer, Franz Martin. Thesen, Bedingungen und Aufgaben interkulturell orientierter Philosophie In: Polylog. Zeitschrift für interkulturelles Philosophieren. Jg.1, H.1, 1998, S. 5-12. Abstract, with full RTF download.


The Edge: The E-Journal of Intercultural Relations
Philosophy and International Cooperation -- APA Newsletter, only available to APA members.
Philosophy East and West
Polylog: Forum for intercultural philosophy.
The Critique of Culture -- Journal of the Ernst Cassirer Society
World Hongming Philosophical Quarterly


African Religion: Studies in Anthropology and Intercultural Philosophy (Wim van Binsbergen)
Außereuropäische Philosophien & Interkulturelles Philosophieren
Citizenship, Democracy, and Ethnocultural Diversity Newsletter -- Will Kymlicka
Comparative Philosophy -- The World Congress of Philosophy's collection of papers on comparative philosophy.
Culture and the History of Science -- resources on the influence of culture on science and philosophy. By Hartmut Krech. Includes Krech's Bio-bibliographical Directory to Writers on the Theory, History, and Culture of Science and the Humanities.
Dialogue between Civilizations: West-East -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference in Moscow, Nov 10-13, 1999.
ErraticImpact's Ethnicity & Philosophy page
Ethnopolitics -- discussion list
Franz Wimmer's Home Page -- intercultural philosopher, with links to papers and books in German, English, and Spanish.
Globalization and Identity -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference in Vienna, Nov 4-6, 1999.
Humanity, Spiritual Values and Social Progress -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, Nov 18-20, 1999.
Materials on Philosophy, Transcultural Communication, and Multiculturalism.
National and Regional Philosophies (Xrefer)
Traditional Morals and the Problems of Modernization -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Jan. 3-6, 2000.
Wim van Binsbergen's site – containing resources for intercultural philosophy


Literature on Race, Ethnicity, and Multiculturalism
Paper: Bramann, Jorn. Multiculturalism and Personal Identity.
Paper: Duarte, Eduardo Manuel. Self as Post-Colonial Pastiche: Historical Artifact and Multicultural Ideal.
Paper: Feinberg, Walter. The Goals of Multicultural Education: A Critical Re-evaluation.
Paper: Gutman, Amy. Challenges of Multiculturalism in Democratic Education
Paper: Hell, Judit. Women's Issues and Multiculturalism.
Paper: Heslep, Robert D. The Moral Presuppositions of Multicultural Education.
Paper: Houston, Barbara. Multiculturalism and a Politics of Persistence
Paper: James, Edward. The Multivisions of Multiculturalism.
Paper: Kahane, David. Diversity, Solidarity, and Civic Friendship.
Paper: Nicholson, Carol J. Three Views of Philosophy and Multiculturalism: Searle, Rorty, and Taylor.
Paper: McCarty, Luise Prior. Out of Isolation: Philosophy, Hermeneutics, Multiculturalism. With a response by Deborah Kerdeman.
Paper: McDonough, Kevin. Cultural Recognition, Cosmopolitanism, and Multicultural Education
Paper: Smith, Stacy. Liberalism, Multiculturalism, and Education: Is There A Fit?

Philosophy and Culture

Philosophy of Culture Papers, World Congress of Philosophy
Sic Et Non: Online Forum for Philosophy and Culture
Syllabus: Philosophy of Culture
What is culture?

Philosophical Anthropology

Philosophical Anthropology Papers -- from the World Congress of Philosophy

Taking Indigenous Thought Seriously: A Rant on Globalization with Some Cautionary Notes

Cecil-Haig Brown - York University

So in this paper, I want to pass along some things I have been learning; some teachings/theory I have heard and read from Indigenous intellectuals and other scholars of Indigenous thought which, if taken to heart, have the potential to speak to curriculum studies. Be prepared to engage with the knowledge. It can only take on meaning if you are willing to take the time to listen to what is said, to take it into your context and to consider its meaning for you. Even then, Dale Turner, Associate Professor, Dartmouth College and a member of the Temagami First Nation, reminds us, 

​​​Creating Humanity, Discovering Monstrosity: Myths & Metaphors of Enduring Evil
Elizabeth Nelson, Jillian Burcar and Hannah Priest

365 Days of Walking the Red Road captures the priceless ancient knowledge Native American elders have passed on from generation to generation for centuries, and shows you how to move positively down your personal road without fear or doubt.

Special highlights:

Inspiring quotations from Native Americans, such as Tecumseh, Black Hawk, Geronimo, and Chief Joseph
A monthly Red Road spiritual lesson
The proper uses of dreamcatchers and other symbols and crafts
Important dates in Native American history

Living with Animals: Ojibwe Spirit Powers Paperback

Michael Pomedli 

Within nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Chippewa medicine societies, and in communities at large, animals are realities and symbols that demonstrate cultural principles of North American Ojibwe nations. Living with Animals presents over 100 images from oral and written sources – including birch bark scrolls, rock art, stories, games, and dreams – in which animals appear as kindred beings, spirit powers, healers, and protectors.

Michael Pomedli shows that the principles at play in these sources are not merely evidence of cultural values, but also unique standards brought to treaty signings by Ojibwe leaders. In addition, these principles are norms against which North American treaty interpretations should be reframed. The author provides an important foundation for ongoing treaty negotiations, and for what contemporary Ojibwe cultural figures corroborate as ways of leading a good, integrated life.

First Nations First Thoughts:  The impact of Indigenous Thought in Canada

Anna May Timpson

Countless books and articles have traced the impact of colonialism and public policy on Canada’s First Nations, but few have explored the impact of Aboriginal thought on public discourse and policy development in Canada. First Nations, First Thoughts brings together Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scholars who cut through the prevailing orthodoxy to reveal Indigenous thinkers and activists as a pervasive presence in diverse political, historical, constitutional, and cultural debates. It examines the impact of Indigenous thought in multiple arenas, including urban spaces, universities, the courts, governments, archives, and museums. This innovative, thought-provoking collection encourages us to imagine a stronger, fairer Canada, one in which Aboriginal self-government and expression can be fully realized.

Indigenous scholars have been gathering, speaking, and writing about Indigenous knowledge for decades. These knowledges are grounded in ancient traditions and very old pedagogies that have been woven with the tangled strings and chipped beads of colonial relations.

Pathways for Remembering and Recognizing Indigenous Thought in Education is an exploration into some of the shared cross-cultural themes that inform and shape Indigenous thought and Indigenous educational philosophy. These philosophies generate tensions, challenges, and contradictions that can become very tangled and messy when considered within the context of current educational systems that reinforce colonial power relations. Sandra D. Styres shows how Indigenous thought can inform decolonizing approaches in education as well as the possibilities for truly transformative teaching practices. This book offers new pathways for remembering, conceptualizing and understanding these ancient knowledges and philosophies within a twenty-first century educational context.


University of Sheffield

​She is co-leader of a research project with Prof Boudewijn de Bruin (University of Groningen), entitled Towards Professional Epistemic Justice: Finance and Medicine, and funded by the Dutch Research Council. The project funds two Sheffield PhD students, who will spend a fourth year in Groningen; and a 3-year Postdoctoral Fellow, Dr Elianna Fetterolf (a Sheffield PhD alumna). Elianna will ground the Medical Humanities side of the project in Sheffield during her first year before expanding the network to the Graduate Center in New York. The overarching theme of the project is Towards Professional Epistemic Justice: Finance and Medicine.

Epistemic Interests: 

CUNY List of Works                     University of Sheffield Site

Indigenous Thought, Appropriation, and Non‐Aboriginal People

Celia Haig‐Brown York University

In this article, I explore the question, “What is the relationship between appropriation of Indigenous thought and what might be called ‘deep learning’ based in years of education in Indigenous contexts.” Beginning with an examination of meanings as‐ cribed to cultural appropriation, I bring texts from Gee on secondary discourses, Fou‐ cault on the production of discourse, and Wertsch on the deep structures underpin‐ ning discourse into conversation with critical fieldwork experiences extracted from years of research and teaching.  Ultimately hopeful, I conclude the article with direc‐ tion from Indigenous scholars on appropriate cultural protocol in the use of Indigen‐ ous knowledges by non‐Aboriginal people in educational contexts.  

Indian from the Inside: Native American Philosophy and Cultural Renewal

Dennis H. McPherson and Douglas Rabb

Native American philosophy has enabled Native American cultures to survive more than five hundred years of attempted cultural assimilation. The first edition of this historical and philosophical work was written as a text for the first course in Native Philosophy ever offered by a philosophy department at a Canadian university. This revised edition, based on more than twenty-five years of research through the Native Philosophy Project and funded in part by the Rockefeller Foundation, is expanded to include extensive discussion of Native American philosophy and culture in the United States as well as Canada. Topics covered include colonialism, neocolonialism, the phenomenology of the vision quest, the continuity of Native values, land and the integrity of person, the role of cognitive science in supporting Native narrative traditions, language in Indian life, landscape and other-than-human entities, teaching Native American philosophy through film and popular culture and the value of various research methods for Native American philosophy. A vital addition to the scholarly work examining Indian life in both Canada and the United States.


Aboriginal Philosophy (see also Native North American Philosophy)

Program: Aboriginal and Intercultural Studies -- Edith Cowan University, Australia

African Philosophy

African Philosophy page -- extensive collection of links. I will update that page rather than add links on African philosophy to the current page. That page also contains links to specific cultures and ethnicities in Africa, for example, Ghanaian philosophy, Kenyan philosophy Nigerian philosophy and Ugandan philosophy.

American Philosophy

History of American Thought -- Thoemmes Press links

Arabic Philosophy

Espace Philosophie
Journal: Arabic Sciences and Philosophy -- no on-line content
Paper: Kapitan, Tomis. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Its History and Some Philosophical Questions it Raises.
Paper: Kapitan, Tomis. Self-Determination and the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict.
Sadra Islamic Philosophy Research Institute

Australian Philosophy

The Aboriginal Studies WWW Virtual Library

Brazilian Philosophy

Paper: Azevedo Marques, Ubirajara R. de. L'enseignement de la Philosophie au Bresil.
Paper: Rodrigues, Anna Maria Moog. Conflict Between Efficiency and Sense of "Ludus".

Bulgarian Philosophy

Book: Makariev, Plamen, Andrew Blasko, and Asen Davidov, eds. Creating Democratic Societies -- Values and Norms: Bulgarian Philosophical Studies II.
Book: Prodanov, Vasil and Assen Davidov, eds. Morality and Public Life in a Time of Change: Bulgarian Philosophical Studies I.

Canadian Philosophy

Canadian Philosophy and Culture -- with some resources, including interviews.
Ideology in Canada -- with some resources.

Chinese Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Association of Chinese Philosophers in America
Bibliography: Van Norden, Bryan W., Essential Readings on Chinese Philosophy.
Book: Bunchua, Kirti, Liu Fangtong, Yu Xuanmeng and Yu Wujn, eds. The Bases of Values in a Time of Change: Chinese Philosophical Studies XVI.
Book: Dasheng, Zhu, Jin Xiping and George F. McLean, eds. The Human Person and Society: Chinese Philosophical Studies VIIA.
Book: Fangtong, Lui, Huang Songjie and George F. McLean, eds. Philosophy and Modernization in China: Chinese Philosophical Studies.
Book: Imamichi, Tomonobu, Wang Miaoyang and Liu Fangtong, eds. The Humanization of Technology and Chinese Culture, Chinese Philosophical Studies.
Book: McLean, George. Tradition, Harmony, and Transcendence.
Book: Miaoyang, Wang, Yu Xuanmeng and George F. McLean, eds. Beyond Modernization: Chinese Roots for Global Awareness, Chinese Philosophical Studies.
Book: Miaoyang, Wang, Yu Xuanmeng and George McLean, eds. Chinese Cultural Traditions and Modernization: Chinese Philosophical Studies X.
Book: Miaoyang, Wang, Yu Xuanmeng and Manuel B. Dy, eds. Civil Society in a Chinese Context: Chinese Philosophical Studies.
Book: Shen, Vincent & Tran Van Doan, eds. Morality, Metaphysics, and Chinese Culture.
Book: Shen, Vincent, Richard Knowles and Tran Van Doan, eds. Psychology, Phenomenology, and Chinese Philosophy.
Book: Shen, Vincent and Tran Van Doan, eds. Philosophy of Science and Education: Chinese Philosophical Studies IX.
Book: Tang Yi-jie, Li Zhen, and George McLean, eds. Man and Nature: Chinese Tradition and the Future
Book: Tang Yi-jie, Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, and Chinese Culture.
Book: Tran van Doan, Vincent Shen, and George McLean, eds. Chinese Foundations for Moral Education and Character Development
Book: Yu Xuanmeng, Lu Xiaohe, Liu Fangtong, Zhang Rulun and Georges Enderle, eds. Economic Ethics and Chinese Culture: Chinese Philosophical Studies.
Chinese Philosophy -- Birdwhistell's Notes on Asia
Chinese Philosophy - Steven Brown
Chinese Philosophy - Su Tzu
Chinese Philosophy Information
Chinese Philosophy Page
Hindu Roots of Chinese Buddhism -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference, Dec. 2-18, 1999.
Journal: Journal of Chinese Philosophy
Paper: Elberfeld, Rolf. Resonanz als Grundmotiv ostasiatischer Ethik
Paper: Hansen, Chad. Do Human Rights Apply to China? A Normative Analysis of Cultural Difference
Paper: Hui, Wang. Humanism as the Theme of Chinese Modernity. In Surfaces V(1995). With an introduction by J. Hillis Miller.
Paper: Lee Ou-fan Lee. Some Notes on 'Culture,' 'Humanism,' and the 'Humanities' in Modern Chinese Cultural Discourses. With an introduction by Wolfgang Iser.
Paper: Milcinski, Maja. Impermanence and Death in Sino-Japanese Philosophical Context.
Paper: Shen, Vincent. A Perspective on Intercultural Philosophy from Chinese Philosophy (Confucionism and Taoism)
Paper: Wong Yew Leong. Li and Change.
Wesleyan Chinese Philosophical Etext Archive

Croatian Philosophy

Czech Philosophy

Book: Bednar, Miloslav, ed. Human Dignity -- Values and Justice: Czech Philosophical Studies III.
Book: Novy, Lubomir and Jiri Gabriel, eds. Czech Philosophy in the XXth Century: Czech Philosophical Studies II.
Book: Vejrazka, Michael and Miloslav Bednar, eds. Traditions and Present Problems of Czech Political Culture: Czech Philosophical Studies I.

Danish Philosophy

Dutch Philosophy

Eastern or Asian Philosophy (see also Chinese, Indian,Japanese,Korean, Pakistani, Philipino,Thai,Tibetan philosophy)

Bibliography: Major Works in Confucian Philosophy
Bibliography: Oriental Philosophy: Selected Bibliography
Book: Eastern Philosophy -- James Fieser
Eastern and Western Ethics -- Birdwhistell's Notes on Asia
Eastern and Western Philosophy
Glossary: Lexicon of Confucianism. From Lao Sze-kwang.
Glossary: Pali and Buddhist Terms
Graduate Programs in Eastern Philosophy and Religion
Jain Philosophy
Journal: Asian Philosophy -- TOC only
Journal: Philosophy East and West
Journal: World Hongming Philosophical Quarterly
Library of Dr. Hengyucius -- many papers, mostly in Chinese, on Eastern philosophy.
Paper: Hongladarom, Soraj. Asian Philosophy and Critical Thinking: Divergence or Convergence?
Resources for the Study of East Asian Language and Thought

English Philosophy

French Philosophy

German Philosophy

Paper: Smith, Barry. "German Philosophy: Language and Style"

Georgian Philosophy

Book: Nodia, Ghia and Paul Peachey, eds. National Identity as an Issue of Knowledge and Morality: Georgian Philosophical Studies I.

Greek Philosophy

Greek Philosophy Archive
International Assocation for Greek Philosophy
International Centre for Greek Philosophy and Culture

Indian Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Book: George, Vensus. Authentic Human Destiny: The Paths of Shankara and Heidegger.
Indian Philosophy -- Birdwhistell's Notes on Asia
Indian Philosophy -- Shrikanth
Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Studies
Indian Philosophy and Religion -- sarada
Hindu Roots of Chinese Buddhism -- papers from a Council for Research in Values and Philosophy conference, Dec. 2-18, 1999.
Journal: Journal of Indian Philosophy
Paper: Berger, Douglas. Illocution, No-Theory and Practice in Nagarjuna's Skepticism: Reflections on the Vigrahavyavartani
Paper: Bilimoria, Purushottama. Professor Matilal’s Nåvya-Naive Realism vis-a-vis Dummett-Putnam-Mimamsa Anti-Realisms: Some Metaphysical Worries
Paper: Ghosh, Raghunath. Tatparya and its role in verbal understanding.
Paper: Giancola, Donna Marie. Justice and the Face of the Great Mother (East and West).
Paper: Srivistava, C. P. Environmental Consciousness as Reflected in Indian Culture.
Paper: Wertz, S. K. Averting Arguments: Nagarjuna's Verse 29.

Irish Philosophy

Italian Philosophy
Filosophia in Italia

Servizio Web Italiano per la Filosophia (SWIF)

Japanese Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Japanese Philosophy -- Birdwhistell's Notes on Asia
Journal: Philosophy in Japan - gopher site, offline at the moment.
Paper: Adams, Robert W. Nishida Kitarô's Studies of the Good and the Debate Concerning Universal Truth in Early Twentieth-Century Japan
Paper: Derrida, Jacques. Introduction to Kojin Karatani's 'Nationalism and Ecriture'/Discussion Summary by Megan Becker-Leckrone. In Surfaces V(1995)
Paper: Driscoll, Mark. Apoco-elliptic Thought in Modern Japanese Philosophy in Khoraographies for Jacques Derrida on July 15, 2000 Tympanum 4 Guest Editor : Dragan Kujundzic.
Paper: Kumakura, Chiyuki. History and Narrative in Japanese. In Surfaces V(1995). With introduction by K. Ludwig Pfeiffer.
Paper: Milcinski, Maja. Impermanence and Death in Sino-Japanese Philosophical Context.

Jewish Philosophy

Journal: Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy
Paper: Kapitan, Tomis. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Its History and Some Philosophical Questions it Raises.
Paper: Kapitan, Tomis. Self-Determination and the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict.
Paper: Shear-Yashuv, Aharon. Jewish Philosophers on Reason and Revelation.

Korean Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Paper: Kim, Kwang-Myung. Korean Aesthetic Consciousness and the Problem of Aesthetic Rationality.

Latin American Philosophy (see also Peruvian philosophy)

Book: Maldonado, Carlos E. Human Rights, Solidarity, and Subsidiarity: Essays Towards Social Ontology.
Book: Molina, Raul, Timothy Ready, and George McLean, eds. Culture, Human Rights and Peace in Central America.
Book: Pegoraro, Olinto and George McLean, eds. The Social Context and Values.
Book: Ugalde, Luis, Nicolas Barros, and George McLean, eds. Love as the Foundation of Moral Education and Character Development: A Latin American Contribution for the 21st Century.
Latin American Philosophy -- from Jesus Serrano
Paper: Demenchonok, Edward. Fundamentación de la ética en la filosofía latinoamericana
Paper: Fantoni, Rosa Josefina. Universalismo y Diferencia: ¿Es posible su complementariedad desde la ética del discurso?
Paper: Martin, Marina. Borges, the Apologist for Idealism.
Paper: Picotti, Dina V. La Configuración Interlógica de la Inteligibilidad y Racionalidad
Proyecto Ensayo Hispánico -- José Luis Gómez-Martínez

Lithuanian Philosophy

Book: Jurate Baranova. Lithuanian Philosophy: Persons and Ideas
Book: Kuzmickas, Bronius and Aleksandr Dobrynin, eds. Personal Freedom and National Resurgence: Lithuanian Philosophical Studies I.

Maori Philosophy

Book Notice: Patterson, John, Exploring Maori Values
Book Notice: Patterson, John, People of the Land: A Pacific Philosophy

Native North American Philosophy

American Indian Philosophy Association
Native American Philosophy
Native American Philosophy -- course, by Anne Waters
The Red Pathway -- Native American Philosophy
Twelve Principles of Indian Philosophy -- part of a course

New Zealand Philosophy (see also Maori Philosophy)

Norwegian Philosophy

Pakistani Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Book: Ahmadj Naeem, ed, Philosophy in Pakistan

Peruvian Philosophy (see also Latin American philosophy)

Red Filosofica Peruana

Philipino Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Book: Dy, Manuel B., ed. Values in Philippine Culture and Education, Philippine Philosophical Studies I.
Book: Mercado, Leonardo N. The Filipino Mind, Philippine Philosophical Studies II.
Paper: Castro, Leonardo D. de. Debts of Good Will and Interpersonal Justice.

Polish Philosophy

Bibliography: Polish Philosophy in Italy
Book: Dyczewski, Leon, Paul Peachey, and John Kromkowski, eds. Public and Private Social Inventions in Modern Societies: Polish Philosophical Studies I.
Book: Dyczewski, Leon. Values in the Polish Cultural Tradition: Polish Philosophical Studies III.
Book: Jedynak, Stanislaw, ed. Polish Axiology of the 20th Century: Polish Studies IV. -- in draft form. OFFLINE
Book: Tischner, A and J. M. Zycinski, eds. The Philosophy of Person: Solidarity and Cultural Creativity: Polish Philosophical Studies I.
Book: Tadeusz Buksinskit. Liberalization and Transformation of Morality in Post-Communist Countries: Polish Philosophical Studies V
Philosophia Analytica in Polonia -- Polish analytic philosophers
Polish Philosophy -- Francesco Coniglione.
Polish Philosophy
Polska Siec Filozoficzna

Romanian Philosophy

Book: Marin Aiftinc. Culture and Freedom: Romanian Philosophical Studies
Book: Marin Calin & Magdalena Dumitrana. Values and Education in Romania Today: Romanian Philosophical Studies I

Russian Philosophy

An Overview of Russian Philosophy
Gallery of Russian Thinkers
Book: Nur Kirabaev & Yuriy Pochta. Values in Islamic Culture and the Experience of History: Russian Philosophical Studies I
Paper: Epstein, Mikhail. Main Trends of Contemporary Russian Thought.
Paper: Krylova, Nata B. Values of Russian Education, What is Changing and How: Answers to some Philosophical Questions.
Paper: Voronina, Olga. The Philosophy of Sex and Gender in Russia.
Russian Philosophy Forum
Russian Philosophy Internet Resources

Scottish Philosophy

Serbian Philosophy

Slovak Philosophy

Book: Pichler, Tibor and Jana Gasparikova, eds. Language, Values and the Slovak Nation: Slovak Philosophical Studies I.
Book: Pichler, Tibor and Jana Gasparikova, eds. Interests and Values: The Spirit of Venture in a Time of Change: Slovak Philosophical Studies II.

Slovene Philosophy

Spanish Philosophy

Swedish Philosophy

Thai Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Paper: Hongladarom, Soraj. How is Thai Philosophy Possible?
Paper: Hongladarom, Soraj. Democracy and Culture: A Case for Thailand
Research project on Science in Thai Culture (Soraj Hongladarom) -- in Thai

Tibetan Philosophy (see also Eastern philosophy)

Tibetan Philosophy -- Birdwhistell's Notes on Asia

Yugoslav Philosophy

Book: Golubovi, Zagorka and George McLean, eds. Models of Identity in Postcommunist Societies: Yugoslav Philosophical Studies I.


These thought-provoking teachings from respected Native American leaders and thinkers provide a connection with the land, the environment, and the simple beauties of life. This collection of writings from revered Native Americans offers timeless, meaningful lessons on living and learning.

Drawing on treaties, international law, the work of other Indigenous scholars, and especially personal experiences, Marie Battiste documents the nature of Eurocentric models of education, and their devastating impacts on Indigenous knowledge. Chronicling the negative consequences of forced assimilation, racism inherent to colonial systems of education, and the failure of current educational policies for Aboriginal populations, Battiste proposes a new model of education, arguing the preservation of Aboriginal knowledge is an Aboriginal right. Central to this process is the repositioning of Indigenous humanities, sciences, and languages as vital fields of knowledge, revitalizing a knowledge system which incorporates both Indigenous and Eurocentric thinking.

Indigenizing the Academy, ed. Mihesuah and Wilson

Continuing the thought-provoking dialogue launched in the acclaimed anthology Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians, leading Native scholars from diverse disciplines and communities offer uncompromising assessments of current scholarship on and by Indigenous peoples and the opportunities awaiting them in the Ivory Tower.

The issues covered are vital and extensive, including how activism shapes the careers of Native academics; the response of academe and Native scholars to current issues and needs in Indian Country; and the problems of racism, territoriality, and ethnic fraud in academic hiring. The contributors offer innovative approaches to incorporating Indigenous values and perspectives into the research methodologies and interpretive theories of scholarly disciplines such as psychology, political science, archaeology, and history and suggest ways to educate and train Indigenous students. They provide examples of misunderstanding and sometimes hostility from both non-Natives and Natives that threaten or circumscribe the careers of Native scholars in higher education. They also propose ways to effect meaningful change through building networks of support inside and outside the Native academic community. Designed for classroom use, Indigenizing the Academy features a series of probing questions designed to spark student discussion and essay-writing.

Indigenizing the Academy - Paper

​Spirit & Reason: The Vine Deloria, Jr, Reader

From Donna -  The book is a collection of Vine Deloria Jr.'s essays and it seems written for an academic audience. The first two chapters are about debates between different philosophers who were unfamiliar to me. I continued reading and found much of what Deloria had to say was profound and enlightening. He takes a hard look at education, anglo-american culture, religion and science from a Native American perspective and points out that our culture looks at issues in a restrictive manner rather than in a complete and holistic way. The essays were on a variety of topics written over a few decades. Some seemed more relevant to present times than others. In contrast he shares some basic information about the Native American approach to life, observation, education, religion and culture and explains the connections between people and nature in a life view that sees all as connected and all things living and inanimate and people as relations. He also explains the incredible damage done to the tribal people over the past few hundred years of conquest, boarding schools and cultural and religious represssion

In "Earth Muse", Carol Bigwood describes what she sees as a suppression of the feminine in Western culture, technology, and philosophy and opens a feminist postmodern space from which new differences may emerge. Drawing on the work of the later Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Derrida, and significant alternative feminist thought (such as French feminism, maternal philosophy, and ecofeminism), she explores underdeveloped themes in American and Canadian feminism. Bigwood's style is self-questioning and descriptive; she (writes) plays on the margins between philosophy and literature, between serious analysis and humor. The author offers a deconstruction of the phallocentric dichotomies of nature and culture, self and other, and the concepts of power, action, and making. Affirming the deep relations between the oppression of women, the exploitation of the earth, and the oppression of people of color, Bigwood cautiously attempts to reconceptualize the natural cultural situation of human begins in a way that is not built on domination or essentialist structures. Between the chapters she describes and illustrates four monumental artworks that are 'written with the body and are pregnant with poetic-philosophic depths'. Author Carol Bigwood is Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at the University of Toronto.

We recognize the philosophy of the original Americans as coming from the earth we walk on, from those who preceded us. As we read the wisdom of these peoples, it is possible to feel a reconnection with our land and ourselves. This beautiful collection of the best of Native American wisdom features the thoughts of Chief Joseph, Sitting Bull, Red Cloud, Black Elk, Ohiyesa, and many others on Native American ways of living, learning, and dying. Taken from orations, recorded observations of life and social affairs, and other first-person testimonies, this book selects a wide range of Native American wisdom and distills it to its essence in short, digestible quotes that are meaningful and timeless - perhaps even more timely now than when they were written.


​Where the Rivers Meet (WTRM) Website

​​​Unraveling the Spreading Cloth of Time: Indigenous Thoughts Concerning the Universe, dedicated to Vine Deloria Jr

“It was not until the 20th Century that [Eurasian scientists and philosophers] began to suspect something that the Indigenous peoples of the Western Hemisphere have known all along. Everything is connected,” Dean Hutchins explains in his essay “Deciphering the Great Mystery.” This essay is part of the anthology Unraveling the Spreading Cloth of Time: Indigenous Thoughts Concerning the Universe. Editor MariJo Moore says she sees “the universe as a great cloth… shawl… spreading and spreading…unendingly into a circle that flows forever.” This anthology explores the ways the interconnectedness of the universe, while a new concept for Western thinkers, has long been a part of Indigenous knowledge.